A frequent health problem, anemia is characterized by a lack of red blood cells.
Red blood cells are used to provide oxygen to different tissues and organs.
People who suffer from anemia are often tired and out of breath because the heart has to work harder to supply the body with oxygen. Most often this is due to iron deficiency.
The treatments for anemia depend on the hemoglobin level in the blood and the symptoms presented by the person.
When hemoglobin is less than 8, anemia should be treated fairly quickly. It can have quite significant consequences. And most often blood transfusion is considered.
If the hemoglobin level is greater than 8, the treatment will be a contribution of iron and folic acid and a drug promoting the production of red blood cells.
The different anemias
There are many kinds of anemia:
- Microcytic anemia: This is when the size of red blood cells are below the norm.
- Normocytic anemia: The size of the red blood cells are in the norm but there is chronic inflammation, renal failure, liver disease, thyroid, erythoblastopenia, cancer and / or side effects due to irradiation.
- Macrocytic anemia: The size of red blood cells is higher than the norm.
- Regenerative peripheral anemia: The production is normal but the rate of reticulocytes is high.
How to prevent anemia?
Simply by eating foods rich in iron. The people most likely to be at risk are women with heavy periods, those with an IUD, athletes, blood donors and all those who suffer from diseases with repeated bleeding.